What are the medical issues related to addiction problems?
Addiction problems can be recovered if treated on time and with maximum effect. Those who are addicted to abusive substances often face one or more medical issues. These medical issues include cardiovascular and lung diseases, cancer, strokes as well as different types of mental disorders. Chest x-rays, blood tests and imaging scans clearly display the damaging effects of using abusive substances all over the body. For instance, different tests reveals that the smoke of tobacco can be the cause of mouth, lungs, larynx, throat, bladder, pancreas, cervix, kidney, blood and stomach cancer. In addition to this, many types of drugs can also cause damage to the nerve cells either within the peripheral nervous system or in the brain.
How addiction problems harm other people?
Although, an addicted person is at great risk of serious medical consequences however, the fact is that addiction can cause serious health issues to other people as well. Following mentioned are three severe consequences of addiction.
- Negative effect of tobacco smoke: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) or second-hand smoke is a major source of exposing huge amount of substances that are considered to be hazardous to human health. This smoke is particularly harmful for children. This type of smoke is a major cause of increased risk of heart diseases as well as lung cancer in non-smokers.
- Negative effects of drug exposure on children and infants: Prenatal drug exposure can also cause harm to infants and children. Such children are required to obtain educational support which will help them overcome the subtle deficits within different developmental areas such as attention, cognition and behavior. Various researches are also being carried so as to determine whether the harmful effects of prenatal exposure extends within adolescents and hinder their developmental areas to a greater extent.
- Increased risk of spreading infectious diseases: injection of harmful substances such as cocaine, methamphetamine and heroine have been researched to be the main cause of one-third people diagnosed to have AIDS. Moreover, the injection drug form is also a major reason for the occurrence of Hepatitis C which is a fetal liver disease. However, injection drugs are not the only source of spreading infectious diseases. Drug abusing is in itself a form of making your body intoxicated which also interferes within the judgment process and increases the probability of dangerous sexual behaviors.
Effects of different abusive substances
Alcohol: Consumption of alcohol can cause damage to the brain and many organs of the human body. The cerebral cortex is the main area within a brain which is used to make important decisions. This part of the brain is greatly damaged by using alcohol. In addition to this, other areas that are harmed with this substance are the cerebellum which is important for proper movement coordination and the hippocampus which is essential for the human memory.
Nicotine: This addictive stimulant can be greatly found in tobacco and related products. The smoke of tobacco also causes cancer bronchial disorders, cardiovascular diseases as well as emphysema. The rate of mortality with tobacco addiction is astounding. According to a research, use of tobacco killed approximately 100 million people and if the current trend continues the cumulative death rate is projected to be around 1 billion.
Cocaine: This substance is a short –acting stimulant which requires the addicted person to intake heavy doses of the substance during a single session. Using this drug can cause severe medical consequences which include damaging the respiratory, heart, digestive and nervous systems.
Marijuana: Marijuana is referred to be the mostly frequently abused prohibited substance. Using this drug can cause the loss of memory for a short term along with affecting the ability to focus, attention developing as well as coordination abilities. Moreover, the substance also increases the heart beat, provide harm to the lungs and increase the risk of psychosis among those people who have an underlying weakness.
Inhalants: Inhalants are volatile substances which can be found in many household items like that of gasoline, oven cleaners, aerosols, spray paints and other products which have mind altering properties. This substance is considered to be extremely toxic and can cause damage to the lungs, heart, brain and kidneys. The consequences of inhalants are so severe that even a person with sound health can face death due to heart failure within minutes due to prolonged sniffing of different inhalants.
Heroine: This is an opiate drug which tends to produce euphoria or feeling of being relaxed. The respiration system is slowed down by using heroin and it increases the risk of serious infectious diseases particularly when inhaled intravenously. Other related opiate drugs such as Vicodin, OxyContin, Percodan and morphine shows legitimate medicinal uses however, abusing the substance in a harmful manner can cause serious consequences like that of consuming heroine.